In English

I was born in Helsinki in 1948, educated in my home town and have a B.A. (1972) and M.A. (2002) in English from the University of Helsinki. As a young student I was taught by author and translator Eila Pennanen who introduced me to the art of translation. Together we translated the first two parts of The Lord of the Rings, and I have been a freelance translator ever since.
Since 1985 I have had homes in both the U.K. (Oxford) and Finland (Helsinki and Nuuksio).
I was appointed Artist Professor in September 2008.
Honorary Doctor at University of Eastern Finland 2014
State pension for eminent artits 2014

translations

Robert van Gulik, Chinese Gold Murders (1959), Kiinalaiset kultamurhat, with K. Rikman, WSOY, 1972
J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings (1954-5) Taru Sormusten Herrasta I-III,I-II with E.Pennanen, WSOY, 1973-5
Richard Adams, Watership Down (1972), Ruohometsän kansa, WSOY,1975
A.A. Milne, The House at Pooh Corner (1928), Nalle Puh rakentaa talon WSOY, 1975
A.A. Milne,Winnie-The-Pooh (1926), Nalle Puh, WSOY,1975
L. Frank Baum, TheWonderful Wizard of Oz (1900), Ozin Velho, Otava, 1977
Alan Garner, The Owl Service (1967), Huuhkajalaakso,WSOY,1978
Melville Davisson Post,Uncle Abner (1911-27)  Oli synkkä ja syksyinen yö, WSOY, 1978
Peter Lovesey, Mad Hatter’s Holiday (1973) Käsi krokotiilialtaassa, WSOY, 1978
L. Frank Baum, The Marvelous Land of Oz (1904), Ozin maa, Otava, 1978
Francis Allan, Death in gentle grove (1976), Kuolema lempeässä laaksossa, 1979
Paula Fox, The Stone Faced Boy (1977), Kivikasvo, WSOY, 1979
L. Frank Baum, Ozma of Oz (1907), Prinsessa Ozma, Otava, 1979
Dick Frances, Smokescreen (1972), Savua silmille, Otava,1979
J.R.R. Tolkien, Silmarillion (1977), Silmarillion, WSOY,1979
Edward Taylor, Men from the Ministry, Knalli ja sateenvarjo, Finnish Radio, 1979 – 2002 (a 1960s BBC sitcom which has acquired cult status in Finland, nearly 200 episodes)
Mordecai Richler, Jacob Two-Two meets the Hooded Fang (1975), Jaakko Kakkonen kohtaa hirveän irvihampaan,Otava, 1979
Margery Sharp, The Rescuers (1959) Pelastuspartio Bernard ja Bianca, Otava, 1979
Julian Symons, A Three Pipe Problem (1974), Karatemurhat, WSOY,1980
Walter Wangerin, The Book of the Dun Cow (1978), Kannusjalka, WSOY, 1980
David Day, Tolkien Bestiary (1978), Tolkienin maailma, WSOY,1980
Paula Fox, The Slave Dancer (1975) Orjalaivan vankina, WSOY,1980
Alan Garner, Elidor (1965), Mustan tornin portilla, with T.Rovamo, WSOY, 1980
Margery Sharp, Miss Bianca (1962), Bianca-neiti, Otava,1980
Andrew Davies, Conrad’s War (1978), Sotaleikki, Otava,1980
Vera and Bill Cleaver,Queen of Hearts (1978), Herttakuningatar, WSOY,1981
Allen Saddler, Willie Banks and the Technological Revolution, Willie Banks ja tekninen vallankumous, Finnish Radio, 1981
Laurie Lee, As I Walked out One Midsummer morning (1969), Niin minä läksin maailmalle keskikesän aamuna, Otava, 1982
Michelle Magorian,Goodnight, Mister Tom (1981), Willie itkupilli, WSOY
Barrie Keeffe, Sus (1979), Kuulustelu, Finnish Radio, 1983
William Golding, Darkness Visible (1979), Näkyvä pimeys, WG,1983
Kjartan Ragnarsson, Joi, Joi, Finnish Radio,1983
Hugh Leonard, Da (1978), Pappa, Drama Corner,1984
W.J. Corbett, The Song of Pentecost (1982), Helluntai-hiiren laulu, Otava, 1985
William Golding, The Paper Men (1984) Paperimiehet , WG,1985
J.R.R. Tolkien, The Hobbit (1937), Hobitti, WSOY,1985
Tillie Olsen, Tell Me a Riddle (1961), Hei merimies mikä laiva, with A.Martin, LOVE, 1986
J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lost Tales (1984) Keskeneräisten tarujen kirja, WSOY, 1986
William Boyd, Stars and Bars (1985) Tähtilipun alla, WSOY,1987
Caryl Churchill, Top Girls (1982), Huippumimmit, Vaasa Theatre, 1987
Alice Walker, The Color Purple (1982), Häivähdys purppuraa, WSOY,1987
Jayne Anne Phillips, Fast Lanes (1987), Pikakaistat, Tammi,1988
Christopher Hampton, Tales from Hollywood (1989) Hollywoodin tarinoita,Finnish Radio, 1989
Anthony Minghella, Hangup (1987), Katkolla, Finnish Radio,1989
Stephen Berkoff, Kvetch (1986), Vipinä, Lilla teatern,1990
Charles Dickens, Nicholas Nickleby (1838-9), Nicholas Nicklebyn elämä ja seikkailut,WSOY, 1992
Agnes Smedley, Daughter of Earth (1929), Maan tytär, Kääntöpiiri, 1992
Dorothy L. Sayers, Have His Carcass (1932), Tässä teille ruumis, WSOY,1993
Dorothy L. Sayers, Gaudy Night (1935), Juhlailta, WSOY,1994
Peter Lovesey, A Case of Spirits (1975), Oma henki kullan kalllis, WSOY, 1994
Oscar Wilde, The Importance of Being Earnest (1895) Tärkeintä on olla Uno, Finnish Radio, 1994, and Helsinki City Theatre, 1996-7
Dorothy L. Sayers, Busman’s Honeymoon (1937) Kuolema häämatkalla, WSOY,1995
Oscar Wilde, A Woman of no Importance (1893), Merkityksetön nainen, Finnish Radio, 1995
Oscar Wilde, Lady Windermere’s Fan (1892), Lady Windermeren viuhka, Finnish Radio, 1995
Aphra Behn, The Rover (1677-81), Veijarit, Finnish National Theatre, 1995
Jayne Anne Phillips, Shelter (1994), Suojelus, Tammi,1995
Nadine Gordimer, None to Accompany Me (1995) Ei seuraa matkalleni, WSOY,1996
Oscar Wilde, Ideal Husband (1895), Ihanneaviomies, Vaasa City Theatre,1997
William Nicholson, Shadowlands (1993), Varjojen maa, Tampere Theatre,1997
Richard Adams, Tales from Watership Down (1996), Ruohometsän tarinoita, WSOY, 1997
Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy (1761-7), Tristam Shandy, WSOY, 1998
Louis de Bernierès, Captain Corelli’s Mandolin (1996), Kapteeni Corellin mandoliini, Otava, 1999
Jayne Anne Phillips, MotherKind (1999), Äidin aika, Tammi,2000
James McBride, Color of Water (1998), Veden väri, WSOY,2000
Jhumpa Lahiri, Interpreter of Maladies (2000), Tämä siunattu talo, Tammi, 2001
Margaret Edson, W;t (1995), Henki, Helsinki City Theatre,2001
J.R.R. Tolkien, Roverandom (2000), Roverandom,WSOY, 2001
Ronald Harwood, The Quartet (1999), Kvartetti, Helsinki City Theatre, in production 2002
J.R.R. Tolkien, Niggle’s Leaf, Niukun lehti, WSOY, 2002
Z. Markowtiz, Agony Troll (2002), Tuskapeikko, Finnish Radio, 2002
Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy I (1759), Tristram Shandy I, näköispainos, Kirja kerrallaan, 2003
Henry James, Washington Square (1880), Washingtonin aukio, Otava. 2003
Tennesee Williams, Sweet Bird of Youth (1959), Nuoruuden suloinen lintu, Helsinki City Theatre, 2003
J.R.R. Tolkien, Father Christmas Letters, Kirjeitä Joulupukilta, WSOY, 2003
Terry Johnson, Hitchcock Bolode, Hitchcockin blondi, Helsinki City Theatre, 2004
Jhumpa Lahiri, The Namesake (2003), Kaima,  Tammi 2005
David Pownall, Masterclass (1983), Mestariluokka, Helsinki City Theatre, 2006
Brian Sibley, John Howe,The Maps of Tolkien’s Middle-Earth (2005) Tolkienin maailman kartat, WSOY, 2006
Charles Dickens, Bleak House (1852-3), Kolea Talo, Tammi, 2006
William Shakespeare , Merry Wives of Windsor (1602?), Windsorin iloiset rouvat , WSOY, 2006, performance Helsingin työväenopisto 2008
Tom Stoppard, Rock’n’Roll (2006), Rock and Roll , Helsinki City Theatre 2008
J. R. R. Tolkien (ed. Christopher Tolkien), Children of Húrin (2006), Húrinin lapset , WSOY, 2007
Jhumpa Lahiri, Unaccustomed Earth (2008), Tuore maa , Tammi, 2008
William Shakespeare, Much Ado about Nothing(1598), Paljon melua tyhjästä , WSOY, 2009
Jayne Anne Phillips, Lark and Termite (2009), Kiuru ja Termiitti , Tammi, 2009
A.S. Byatt, The Children’s Book (2009), Lasten kirja Teos,, 2011
Mate Matišic, Zena Bez tijela (2007), Nainen ja ruuumis, YLE Radio theatre, 2012
Julian Barnes, The Sense of an Ending (2011), Kuin jokin päättyisi, WSOY 2012
A.S. Byatt, Little Black Book of Stories (2002), Pieni musta kirja, Teos, 2012
John Hodge, Collaborators Yhteistoimintaa, comissioned by Helsinki City Theatre, 2011
Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice (1813), Ylpeys ja ennakkoluulo, Teos, 2013
Jayne Anne Phillips, Quiet Dell (2013), Murhenäytelmä, Tammi, 2014



publications

Sayersin suomentamisen ihanuus ja ihanuus ( Translating Sayers) in Lehtolainen, Leena (ed.), Kuka & miksi? Dorothy L. Sayers 100 vuotta (Dorothy L. Sayers centenary publication), Helsinki: Dekkariseura, 1993.
Puhekieli ja kirjakieli (Spoken and written language in drama) in Aaltonen, Sirkku,(ed.), Käännetyt illuusiot. Näytelmäkääntäminen suomalaisessa teatterissa (Translating drama), Tampere:Tampere University Press, 1998
Translating Tristram Shandy in Leppihalme, Ritva, (ed), Helsinki English Studies, The Electronic Journal of the Department of English at the University of Helsinki, Volume 1, 2001,Translation Studies
Bumpy Ride MA Thesis on translating Tristram Shandy
Classics Packaging in Proceedings of the XVII World Congress International Federation of Translators, Tampere 2005
Columns in Orhdox journal Logos (in Finnish) 2000 – 2006
Kotimaani ompi suomi in Kristiina Rikman (ed.) Suom.huom. WSOY 2005
Induction speech Oct 22 2008
Shakespearen suomentamisesta (Translating Shakespeare) in Nely Keinänen, Shakespeare Suomessa, WSOY, 2010

awards

Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture Annual Award for Translation 1976 (Lord of The Rings and Watership Down) and 1986 (The Hobbit and Papermen)
Werner Söderstöm  Publisher’s award  1997 (No One to Accompany Me)
Finland Award (Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture Annual Award) 1998 (Tristram Shandy)
Agricola Prize for the best translation 1999 (Tristram Shandy)
Finnish nomination for the  European Union Aristeion award 1999 (Tristram Shandy)
Finnish Cultural Foundation Prize for Life’s Work 2006
Prize for supporting the humanities, VAKKI, University of Vaasa, 2014

grants

Helsinki City 1993
Trust for Finnish Literature 1979
Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture project grants 1995 and 2003
Publishers Grant, Otava 1998
Finnish Cultural Foundation 1977, 1984, 2002, 2003
Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture  Library Grant 1978, 1980, 1988, 1989, 1990
Arts Council of Finland Artist’s Grant for 6 months 1979
Arts Council of Finland Artist’s Grant for three years 1981-83
Arts Council of Finland  Artist’s Grant for five years 1997-2001
Arts Council of Finland Artist’s Grant for six years 2004-

Finnish Cultural Foundation Eminentia grant for writing about life’s work as tranlator Residency in Art Omi Ledig House, Ghent, NY, USA, April-June 2002 and October 2002

 

Moderator and founder of Finnish literary translators’ list konteksti from 2000